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• Client Name: Seyed Iman Rahmani
• Project Location: Arak
• Designer: Engineer Abolfazl Mojahedi
• Design style: Classic
• By: House Architect
What is a building facades?
Statistics show that more than 50 million people are being added to the city’s population in developing countries each year.In Iran too, urbanization has expanded rapidly in recent decades. According to a report released by the Urban and Architecture Information Database,Population growth and people’s desire for urbanization and city life have led to high demand for housing.This,in turn,has created serious problems for urban development.Failure to respond to this problem has led to an inadequate situation such as homelessness and poor housing for many people in the community.
The main reasons for the inconsistency of the facades of buildings
Housing is one of the basic needs of humans.Unfortunately,most of the time in national planning,housing is not considered as a place for comfort and relaxation.And more on the economic side.Some home builders and builders are looking to accelerate sales and return on their capital,They try to make themselves more visible by running a variety of facades of buildings.As a result,this creates a mismatch of buildings across the city.
In the case of housing cooperatives,because of the low budget,home builders and residents and owners are not planning to sell the building.The building is used without any additional operations such as facades.Or,at the least cost,without designing the facade,the size and structure of the building is abandoned.
The literal meaning of the facade .In the dictionary,the facade is defined as follows:The exterior of everything,what is in front of the eye;what is seen from the outside;the exterior of the building and the exterior of the building.
How to think about building theme in architecture?
Recently,after renaming the value of public spaces and the importance of urban life,The facade has regained value.The facade actually ,separates the interior of the building from the outside,and the private environment from the public,too.The facade,informs the cultural status of the building designers and reflects the degree of order in the process of designing the building,equipment and tastes of the designer and owner.
The facade is actually the facade of the building and most importantly the expression that the designer or owner of the building presents itself in front of the outside space.Inside the building,the facade are more private and the facade on the side of the alley are more general.So,the front and back facade of the building are social in character and,on the other hand,characterize the inhabitants’ phase.The facades of each building must also describe the interior of the building while adapting to the public space.
Facade details,building facades and its impact on urban facade
The facades of each building is influenced by the facade of the city buildings in that city.The facade exerts its influence on the squares and streets where it is located.If a building facade is taken into account without considering the facades of other buildings,overall urban facade coordination will be lost.
The contradiction between urban and landscape features can be broken if we consider the building to be part of the city and link it to the surroundings in several ways.The facade should be consistent with the surrounding scenery,But in the composition of the parts,the dimensions and materials are also unique.
What is the solution?
The In order for the buildings facades to protect the privacy of its residents,it needs to be more closed and protected than the street.is not really a flat appearance but a transition space between the interior and exterior,with retreat and bulge,terrace space and other areas with interior space.In order for the building’s facade to protect the privacy of its residents,it needs to be more closed and protected than the street.
Position of windows in front view
The facade of the building should aim to create a homogeneous overall structure by fitting in with canopies,windows,door openings, vertical and horizontal structures,ceiling ranges,materials,colors,decorative elements,and more.Windows always produces smooth and uneven with other elements such as open and closed surfaces,walls,dark and light.
It’s interesting here
Due to the repeated number of windows,multi-floor buildings and apartments appear to be orderly,but sometimes due to high light,the number of upstairs windows is reduced and as a result,this order is reduced.
Coordination of building elements in facade details
Separating vertical and horizontal sections has a great effect. it is necessary to harmonize the building elements with the overall dimensions of the building.
In low-rise buildings,transverse dimensions will prevail,or in tall buildings,slim elements look better.In general,portals and doors and windows have a special effect on the facade;Shades,gutters,ceiling protrusions and balconies also create attractive shades.
The effect of differences on the facade
The difference in levels in a facade must be specified;That is,there must be a clear difference between the ground floor,the other floor and the bottom floor.
So the facade in general is actually the order in these differences.
The main facades elements
The window,door,surface and end of the roof are the main elements of the facade.These elements are different in appearance,color and materials.These parameters have different meanings.
Geometric ratios have a great influence on the appearance of fit. Windows can be classified into smaller groups that give it a special shape.
facades can also be different in terms of materials.
The structure and materials of the facade affect the appearance,color and roughness of the facade,as well as the native sources representing the area of each facade. Pop-ups like porches, windows,doors and facades are different all the time.A designer can bring the buildings facades to the highest level of architecture or design it without thinking.
Determine the range of the facade
Determining the range of vision is one of the most important factors in the existence of any perspective. An outline can be successful in answering these questions.
What are the vertical elements of a building?
What is the horizon line and how should the boundary of the building be drawn in the sky?
How to emphasize the edges of the building?
What should be the edges of the building?
If there is a neighboring building adjacent to the building, what does it have to do with the neighboring building?
The horizontal boundary of the building consists of three junction points.
Sky connecting point (end of building)
Ground Connection (Ground Building Location)
The building cover is like a gable roof or roof.
The end points of the building should have the form of finishing the building.
The ground floor of the building should reflect the principle of sitting on the ground;The facade of the ground floor residential building should be visible to the viewer within the required height range.
Corners of the facade
The corners of the facade are in fact the point of contact of two facades perpendicular to each other. Perpendicular,semicircular or triangular can be implemented in the corners;And each can have different results. At intersections and squares,the harmony of the corners of the buildings on its four sides has a positive effect on the urban landscape.
In the end
In our cities, there is no commonality of views and no shared culture of expression;They also lack coordination materials and do not follow a particular style.
Our Customer Reviews
Building facades are one of the major building specialties that are designed today by architectural engineers.Stylish,beautiful,low-cost building looks demanded by most people in the industry;Those who build massively;And those who build a residential building for themselves.We are going to explain the basic principles of building facades design in a simple and straightforward way.After that,you can also have a charming design for your building by following the basic principles.So stay with us with the most stylish and latest Roman, classic,modern and neoclassical design styles and more.
I would like to start from my mistakes that you may be involved with.When I was still not a professional, we had a 6-unit collaborative project under construction that we were working on together.Because I was older in building,so I was referred to technical decisions.I remember that they put me in a car for the view of this apartment and we took a picture of the whole city.Interestingly, we all paid attention to the design of the doors and windows.Finally, we chose the most complicated and complex window design and were happy to design our own building.After years of studying architecture today,I was laughing at my own work.
Residential building facades
The facade of a residential building is composed of two elements and components that you can easily have a stylish and elegant look if you follow its principles.
What are the pillars?
Facade elements consist of vertical rhythm, horizontal rhythm and sky surface.The ideal view should be a combination of vertical and horizontal rhythms.
Man perceives 160 degrees and vertically 140 degrees horizontally.So we have to keep things that are perceptible to the eye in both ways and avoid those that ignore our minds and eyes.
You will never understand the subtle details used at the top of the roof and only the texture that can be a horizontal or vertical rhythm. .
What is the skyline?
The skylight or roof surface is also a part of a facade that an architect should add up and down to the facade of the building’s visual appearance.
What are Building Facade Components?
Building facades components such as columns should be considered in the design of the facade.The design of the doors and windows and all the details that are close to human eyes need more detail.When you come to a work facade to execute your stone building facades,to take a look at a sample of projects executed by them,consider things that are not understandable to you and define what they have done that you describe You don’t see that beautiful.
That’s the mistake most people make.
Master of masonry has worked hard to make mirrored performances fun and enjoyable.But you can only perceive it as a texture with a rhythm.This is because he is about 30 to 40 centimeters away from the face,the face and details are understandable for him.Therefore, the use of details should be in the vicinity of your neighborhood,so you should pay more attention to the height of human vision.